Janet M. Gibson, Department of Psychology, Grinnell College

Word Norms and Databases

The following list contains sites from researchers for sharing word pools and normative data (frequency counts, imagery ratings, lexical information). Thanks to those researchers who have gone to the trouble of putting their word pools on the Web to help others to research lexical entries and create stimuli for their research.

Director of databases LexicALL

Subtlexus word frequency American English (replaces Kucera and Francis and Celex

Elexicon Databases (Balota) (http://elexicon.wustl.edu)

LexicALL (http://lexicall.widged.com/repository/interface.php) Explanded Paivio norms (2004)

WordNet (Princeton) (http://wordnet.princeton.edu/)

Homonym Norms (Clark, U Winnipeg) | More Homonyms (Alan Cooper.)

MRC Psycholinguistic Database (http://websites.psychology.uwa.edu.au/school/MRCDatabase/uwa_mrc.htm)

Paivio, Yuille, & Madigan Word Pool Generator Program (http://www.math.yorku.ca/SCS/Online/paivio/)

The University of South Florida Word Association Norms (Nelson) (http://w3.usf.edu/FreeAssociation/)

Unique Word Fragments (Gibson & Brooks) (web.grinnell.edu/individuals/gibsonj/uniquefragments.html)

Word Mine (CATSCAN;Lori Buchanan) (www.WordMine2.html)

ARC Nonword database (Rastle, Harrington, & Coltheart, M., 2002)

University of Pennslvania list of word pools (http://memory.psych.upenn.edu/wordpools.php; includes Toronto Word Pool, Francis & Kucera Frequency Word Pool, MurdockCategorized Norms)

Random word generator

GoogleBooks Ngram frequencies

Pseudohomophones and nonwords:  http://www.cogsci.mq.edu.au/research/resources/nwdb/nwdb.html

List of homophones off web: http://homophonelist.com/homophones-list/

Last updated 2020